Students learn about materials found on Earth's surface - rocks, minerals and soil.
Students use various tools and techniques to build things for specific uses. Their tasks may require to build a bridge between two desks, a model lookout tower be constructed, or making a water container, all from available materials.
Students study the materials and designs used in construction tasks. They compare various materials such as paper, clay, cardboard, styrofoam or other available materials to identify the strongest.
Students explore the nature of sound, its sources, its qualities and what it is. They learn that sound is vibration and that changes in vibration can affect the loudness, pitch and quality of sound. They learn about sound travel by studying what things carry sound, what things make it louder or softer, and what happens to sound when it reaches their ears. The sensitivity of human ears and those of other animals is examined, as students learn about the safe use of this valuable sense.
Students learn about the growth and development of animals and discover that different animals have different life cycles. By observing the life cycle of one small animal from its earliest stage to adulthood, students acquire a reference point for the study of other animals and come to appreciate the beauty and fragility of life. Students learn that the egg, larva, pupa and adult stages that are characteristic of many insects represent a different life story from that of the egg, young, adult life cycle that is common to most vertebrate animals.